AskDefine | Define part

Dictionary Definition

part

Noun

1 something determined in relation to something that includes it; "he wanted to feel a part of something bigger than himself"; "I read a portion of the manuscript"; "the smaller component is hard to reach" [syn: portion, component part, component]
2 the extended spatial location of something; "the farming regions of France"; "religions in all parts of the world"; "regions of outer space" [syn: region]
3 so far as concerns the actor specified; "it requires vigilance on our part" or "they resisted every effort on his part";
4 something less than the whole of a human artifact; "the rear part of the house"; "glue the two parts together" [syn: portion]
5 one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole; "the written part of the exam"; "the finance section of the company"; "the BBC's engineering division" [syn: section, division]
6 the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group; "the function of a teacher"; "the government must do its part"; "play its role" [syn: function, office, role]
7 a portion of a natural object; "they analyzed the river into three parts"; "he needed a piece of granite" [syn: piece]
8 an actor's portrayal of someone in a play; "she played the part of Desdemona" [syn: character, role, theatrical role, persona]
9 assets belonging to or due to or contributed by an individual person or group; "he wanted his share in cash" [syn: share, portion, percentage]
10 any one of a number of individual efforts in a common endeavor; "I am proud of my contribution to the team's success"; "they all did their share of the work" [syn: contribution, share]
11 the melody carried by a particular voice or instrument in polyphonic music; "he tried to sing the tenor part" [syn: voice]
12 a line where the hair is parted; "his part was right in the middle" adv : in part; in some degree; not wholly; "I felt partly to blame"; "He was partially paralyzed" [syn: partially, partly] [ant: wholly]

Verb

1 go one's own away; move apart; "The friends separated after the party" [syn: separate, split]
2 discontinue an association or relation; go different ways; "The business partners broke over a tax question"; "The couple separated after 25 years of marriage"; "My friend and I split up" [syn: separate, split up, split, break, break up]
3 leave; "The family took off for Florida" [syn: depart, start, start out, set forth, set off, set out, take off]
4 come apart; "The two pieces that we had glued separated" [syn: separate, divide]
5 force, take, or pull apart; "He separated the fighting children"; "Moses parted the Red Sea" [syn: separate, disunite, divide]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • a UK /pɑːt/, /pA:t/
  • a US /pɑɹt/, /pAr\t/

Etymology

From lang=fro.

Noun

  1. A fraction of a whole; a portion.
    Gaul is divided into three parts.
  2. A distinct element or component.
    The parts of a chainsaw include the chain, engine, and handle.
  3. A group inside a larger group.
  4. Duty; responsibility.
    to do one’s part
  5. Share, especially of a profit.
    I want my part of the bounty.
  6. Position or role (especially in a play).
    We all have a part to play.
  7. A unit of relative proportion in a mixture.
    The mixture comprises one part sodium hydroxide and ten parts water.
  8. 3.5 centiliters of one ingredient in a mixed drink.
  9. A section of a document.
    Please turn to Part I, Chapter 2.
  10. The dividing line formed by combing the hair in different directions.
    The part of his hair was slightly to the left.
  11. The melody played or sung by a particular instrument, voice, or group of instruments or voices, within a polyphonic piece.
    The first violin part in this concerto is very challenging.''
  12. In the Hebrew lunisolar calendar, a unit of time equivalent to 3⅓ seconds.

Translations

fraction of a whole
group inside a larger group
position or role
  • Croatian: uloga
  • Czech: role
  • Esperanto: rolo
  • Finnish: osa, rooli
  • French: rôle
  • German: Rolle
  • Italian: parte, ruolo
  • Japanese: (やく, yaku)
  • Polish: rola
  • Russian: роль (rol’)
  • Serbian: uloga
  • Spanish: papel
3.5 cl portion in a drink
  • Finnish: osa
section of a document
  • Korean: 편
hair dividing line

Verb

  1. To leave.
  2. To cut hair with a parting.
  3. To divide in two.
    to part the curtains
  4. To be divided in two or separated.

Derived terms

Translations

to leave
  • Finnish: lähteä
  • Korean: 떠나다
  • Spanish: separar, partir
  • ttbc French: séparer
  • ttbc German: trennen. scheiden
to cut hair with a parting
to divide in two
  • Esperanto: disigi
  • Finnish: jakaa kahtia
  • French: séparer
  • Korean: 나누다
  • Portuguese: partir, dividir
  • Spanish: partir, repartir
to become divided in two or separated
  • Esperanto: disiĝi
  • Korean: 나누어지다, 갈라지다
  • Spanish: partir, apartar

Adjective

  1. Fractional, partial.
    Fred was part owner of the car.

Translations

  • See partial.

Adverb

  1. Partly, partially, fractionally.

Derived terms

Translations

  • See partially.

Preposition

  1. In the context of "often as “part (something), part (something else)”": partially composed of
    • 1919, Henry Seidel Canby, Ph. D., Making of America Project: New Books Reviewed, page 711:
      “ We cannot make a plodding and sensible community—a Holland or a Pennsylvania—out of a national personality which, whether by harsh circumstance or native tendency, is now part genius, part fanatic, and part hard-headed materialist.”

Estonian

Noun

part

Faroese

Noun

part
  1. part, accusative singular of partur.
    fyri ein part - partial

French

Etymology

From lang=la.

Pronunciation

Noun

fr-noun f
  1. share
  2. portion, part

Synonyms

Verb

part
  1. third-person singular indicative present of partir

Related terms

Hungarian

Noun

part

Derived terms

Extensive Definition

The concept of "part" is not easy to define though it is intimately connected to the concept "whole". For the formal study of the parthood relation, see mereology.
Part can also mean:
  • In part (music):
    • A part is the music played by an individual instrument or voice (or group of identical instruments or voices) within a larger work
    • A part in great Highland Bagpipe music is a musical sentence
  • In the performing arts, a part is an actor's role (see Role (performing arts)).
  • In mathematics, a part (mathematics) is any geometric object such as a point, line, arc, circle, polygon, polyhedron, or polytope that can be joined together to form a whole.
  • In engineering, a part is a component used in a higher-level mechanical or electrical assembly. Examples of parts are screws, transistors and other electronic components, a specially shaped piece of metal required by the mechanism of a specific model of video cassette recorder, and a myriad other examples. Parts required to replace broken parts in existing equipment are called spare parts or just spares.
  • In fashion, the part or parting of a person's hair is the "watershed" line at which the hair is divided (often with a comb), and forms part of their hairstyle. Some people part their hair in the middle (a "center part," following the natural part of the hair), and some part their hair at one side or the other.
  • In preparing mixtures, it is customary to specify an undefined amount of a mixture in either parts or percentages. For example the cocktail known as a Martini is described as being made with 5 parts of gin to 1 of vermouth. This terminology can also be used in relation to cement and recipes.
  • In the Hebrew calendar, a part (chelek) is 1/18 of a minute, or 3 1/3 seconds.
part in Czech: Díl
part in German: Diel
part in Ido: Parto
part in Japanese: パート
part in Slovak: Diel

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abrupt, absolute interest, accompaniment, actor, adjunct, after a fashion, airspace, alienate, allotment, allowance, alto, amount, anacrusis, antagonist, antihero, apportion, appreciably, appurtenance, area, arrangement, arrested, article, as for, as regards, aspect, at any rate, at best, at least, at most, at the least, at the most, at the outside, at worst, baritone, bass, bass passage, basso continuo, basso ostinato, bassus, batch, be lost, behalf, belt, benefit, big end, bigger half, bit, bit part, bite, bolt, book, bourdon, break up, bridge, broach, budget, bunch, burden, business, by, by and large, cadence, callow, canto, cantus, cantus figuratus, cantus planus, capacity, carve, carve up, cast, cast off, cast out, cause, cease to be, cease to live, census, chapter, character, chiefly, chink, chorus, chunk, circumstance, claim, clause, cleave, clutch, coda, coil, column, commission, common, comparatively, component, composition, condition, confines, constituent, constituents, content, contents, continental shelf, contingent, contingent interest, continuo, contralto, contribute to, copy, corner, corridor, count, country, crack, crevasse, cue, cut, cut adrift, cut off, cut open, cut out, cut up, deactivate, deal, debrief, decease, defective, deficient, delete, demob, demobilize, depart, depart this life, department, descant, destiny, detach, detail, detectably, development, die, disarticulate, disband, discharge, disconnect, disengage, disintegrate, disjoin, disjoint, dismiss, disorganize, dispart, dispel, disperse, dissociate, dissolve, district, disunite, divaricate, diverge, divide, divide into shares, divide up, divide with, dividend, division, divisions, divorce, divvy up, dole, dose, draft, drone, duty, easement, edition, eject, element, elements, embryonic, end, environs, equal share, equitable interest, equity, essentially, estate, estrange, expel, expire, exposition, faction, factor, failing, fairly, fall, fall asleep, fascicle, fat part, fate, feature, feeder, figure, figured bass, fissure, fixings, fly open, folderol, forgo, forsake, fractional, fragment, fragmentary, function, generally, give up, go, go away, go off, go out, go separate ways, gob, grant a divorce, grant an annulment, ground, ground bass, group, guts, half, halfway, halver, harmonic close, heap, heartland, heavy, helping, hero, heroine, hinterland, holding, hunk, hymnal, hymnbook, hypoplastic, immature, in a manner, in a way, in arrear, in arrears, in default, in part, in short supply, in some measure, in support of, in the main, inadequate, incise, incomplete, incompletely, index, infant, influence, ingenue, ingredient, ingredients, innards, insides, installment, instrumental score, integrant, interest, interlude, intermezzo, interspace, interval, introductory phrase, inventory, involvement, isolate, item, items, job, join in, keep apart, lacking, land, large amount, lay open, lead, lead role, leading lady, leading man, leading woman, leastwise, leave, let go, libretto, limitation, limited, line, lines, list, livraison, lot, lute tablature, mainly, make a space, makings, measure, meed, merely, mess, mildly, milieu, missing, moderately, modestly, modicum, moiety, mostly, movement, music, music paper, music roll, musical notation, musical phrase, musical score, musical sentence, muster out, needing, neighborhood, not comprehensively, not exhaustively, notation, number, obtain a divorce, office, offshore rights, on the whole, one-and-a-half, only, ope, open, open up, opera, opera score, orchestral score, ornament, pack, paragraph, parcel, part and parcel, part company, part with, partake of, partial, partially, participate in, participation, partition, partly, parts, party, pass, pass away, pass on, pass over, passage, patchy, percentage, period, perish, person, personage, phrase, piano score, piece, place, plain chant, plain song, portion, position, precincts, premises, prick song, principally, pro tanto, proportion, protagonist, province, pull apart, pull away, pull back, pull out, purely, purlieus, put apart, put asunder, put away, put off mortality, quality, quantity, quantum, quarter, quit this world, quota, rake-off, ration, refrain, region, relation, relatively, release, relinquish, remove, renounce, rent, resolution, response, responsibility, return to dust, rift, right, right of entry, rip, ritornello, rive, role, roll, run, sacrifice, salient, say, scant, scanty, scatter, score, scrap, scrappy, section, sectional, segment, segmental, segmentary, segregate, separate, sequester, serial, set apart, set aside, set at intervals, settlement, shard, share, share out, share with, sheet music, short, short score, shut off, shy, side, simply, sketchy, slice, slice the pie, slice up, slit, small amount, small share, so far, soil, some, somewhat, songbook, songster, soprano, soubrette, space, space out, specialty, split, split up, spread, spread out, spring open, stake, stand aloof, stand apart, stand aside, stanza, statement, status, step aside, stock, stop breathing, straight part, strain, strict settlement, strip, subtract, succumb, sue for divorce, sum, supporting character, supporting role, surrender, swing open, tablature, tailpiece, tap, tear, tear open, tenor, terrain, territory, text, thorough bass, three-mile limit, throw off, throw open, throw out, thus far, title, title role, to a degree, to some degree, to some extent, tolerably, transcript, transcription, treble, trust, tutti, tutti passage, twelve-mile limit, uncouple, underdeveloped, undersong, undeveloped, unit, unmarry, untie the knot, unyoke, up and die, use, usually, variation, verse, version, vested interest, vicinage, vicinity, villain, visibly, vocal score, voice, voice part, volume, walk-on, walking part, wanting, whole, withdraw, written music, yield, yield the ghost, zone
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